Re: Temporary Screw/Bolt Hole Sealant
What Porfin said. You can always use adhesive remover on the deck, but if you put anything INTO the holes, you'll never clean it all out again.
Look for 3M's silver masking tape, that is designed to be left out exposed in the weather for 30 days and still peel up clean. You may have to mail order it at $10/roll but for a project like this it is probably the best way to go. And unlike aluminum or mylar tape, you can tear it with your fingernails.
3M's 800# is on every product, they can tell you where to find it if you can't locate it.