Logical argumentation is the very basis of philosophy if it isn't I want some of my uni tuition back.
A well made argument is great, a discussion won is lovely, but it could still be wrong.
A 'well made argument' would be true otherwise it would not be 'well made' so could not be wrong. In philosophical terms this is called 'the fallacy of denying the antecedent.'
Experience has no bearing as to whether an argument is true or untrue only the logic of the argument the premise is built on.