That's a nice one, Paulo!
It's Pen Duick II, the very first purpose built racing yacht for the English Transat in 1964, that made the late Eric Tabarly a living legend.
By the way, he won this solo race once again in 1976, this time not in a purpose built yacht but with Pen Duick VI, designed to race fully crewed in the Withbread
Right on the spot
But it is still an amazing hull considering that its a 50 year old design
. Still beautiful after all those years.
Needless to say that the boat won that Transat and marked, in what regards yacht offshore designs, the beginning of the change of the center of major development and influence from England to France.
Yes, one of the greatest sailors of all time and a man whose search of speed and better boats greatly contributed for sailboat development. As you probably know he is one of the fathers of the Hydroptere concept and the boat was developed according his original ideas. Also one of the first to race Transats on a trimaran, the Pen Duick IV.
But returning to the Pen Duick II, a design from Gilles Costantini based on his Tarann series.
Never heard about him? Well that was a NA that was too advanced for his time regarding his own good. His designs seemed too revolutionary and sailors just kind of think that the boats were dangerous or will come apart. Just look at one of those tarann series, the Izella, built in 1963:
No way, that boat was a modern keel that was added much later!!! Yes I know that it is hard to believe but that is the original keel. Look at a 1963 photo when the boat was lunched:
By the way, that boat is still sailing and never lost the keel
If you want to know more about Gilles Costantini look here:
Bateaux Costantini : Accueil
Back to Eric Tabarly and his Pen Duick series, the first one was his father boat, the one where he learned to sail, a beautiful 1898 William Fife III design. He maintained always that boat, the original Pen Duick while he was changing and improving his racing boats, all named also Pen Duick.
The Pen Duick III, a development pf Pen Duick II made in aluminium was designed by him. The boat had practically won everything in 1967, from the Sydney Hobart to the Fastnet race.
The Pen Duick IV was a truly revolution, a 20.50m aluminium racing trimaran designed in 1967 by André Allègre and the fastest boat of its time. On the 1968 Transat Tabarlay collides with a ship and has to retire. The trimaran was bought by Alain Colas that won with it the 1972 Singlehanded Transatlantic Race.
The Penn Duick V was built for the 1969 transpacific race (S. Francisco Tokio) that Tabarly won. It was an incredibly innovative boat, a very small one, with only 10,67 and was designed by Bigoin and Duvergie. It was am aluminium boat and was the first boat designed along the lines that today dominate Open boats. The boat was very beamy, with a big transom and had water tanks.
The Pen Duick VI, a 22m sailboat was built in 1973 and designed by André Mauric. Tabarly won with it the 1976 Plymouth to Newport Singlehanded Transatlantic Race.
Curiously, Tabarly racing for many years on these fast and innovative designs, many times solo, found its dead sailing with friends on his old family boat, the original Pen Duick. The boat still belongs to the Tabarly family.
Regarding Tabarly influence on the design of its boats and even if only the Pend Duick III was entirely designed by him, I have no doubt that he was the responsible for the main concept of his boats and therefore had a considerable influence on modern boat design.
All Pen Duick boats, with the exception of the trimaran that was lost with Colas, still sail and participate in classic events.
The name of Tabarly still ranks high among today's sail racers. His nephew, Erwan Tabarly won the 2013 Transat Bretagne - Martinique in Figaro II.
Edit: I did not saw Erick's post on Tabarly, so there is some repetition.