Actually, several requirements change based on the boat size. They are fire extinguishers, Visual Distress Signals, throwable PFDs, sound signals, oil and garbage disposal placards, and navigation rules.
A boat 42' long needs to have the following equipment aboard:
A USCG-Approved PFD for each person
A throwable USCG-Approved Type-IV PFD
One orange distress flag and One electric distress light - or -Three hand-held or floating orange smoke signals and One electric distress light - or - Three combination (day/night) red flares: hand-held, meteor or parachute type.
One B-II and One B-I or Three B-I. Note: fixed system equals One B-I or Two B-II
A vessel 39.4 ft (12 meters) or greater, must have a sound signaling appliance capable of producing an efficient sound signaI, audible for 1/2 mile with a 4 to 6 seconds duration. In addition, must carry on board a bell with a clapper (bell size not less than 7.9 inches - based on the diameter of the mouth)
An Oil Pollution Placard at least 5 by 8 inches in size, made of durable material, that must be posted in the machinery space or at the bilge station.
A Garbage Placard at least 4 by 9 inches, made of durable material, displayed in a conspicuous place notifying all on board the discharge restrictions.
A type I, II or III MSD if a permanent marine head is installed.
The operator of a vessel 39.4 ft (12 meters) or greater must have on board a copy of these rules.
I hope this helps.
You can read the full details here
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You know what the first rule of sailing is? ...Love. You can learn all the math in the 'verse, but you take
a boat to the sea you don't love, she'll shake you off just as sure as the turning of the worlds. Love keeps
her going when she oughta fall down, tells you she's hurting 'fore she keens. Makes her a home.
—Cpt. Mal Reynolds, Serenity (edited)
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