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Old 02-04-2010
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CalebD CalebD is offline
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This link was useful for the first 2 questions: Journey North: Mystery Class
When viewed from a North Pole orientation:
Earth orbits the sun in a CCW direction.
Earth also rotates or spins in a CCW direction so the sun appears to rotate the earth in a CW fashion since it is relatively standing still compared to the earths rotation on its axis.
The moon is a trickier beast and appears to rotate around the earth in a CW direction which is due entirely to the earths rotation again. The moon is actually orbiting the earth in a CCW direction.

The next question: "What would you get if you took the globe and drew the diurnal circle for every day of the year? ... for every year, ever?" smells like a trick question to me since it includes every year, ever.
If I were to assume the last 1000 or 10,000 years the suns path across the sky would form a doughnut or taurus shape. There is some conjecture that the earth took on its current axis and rotation from collisions with an asteroid in the not so measurable past.
You guys are too fast for me.
Summer in Bahston.
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