I think it just rusted through but did not look any different than when I bought the boat four years ago. The stub could be a real issue since it broke off almost flush with the surface of the exhaust coupling. I have a replacement nipple and we are not going anywhere until the end of cyclone season so Aprilisih. I think I might have a go at it in the next couple of weeks and then I can take it back to Canada when I go for Christmas. At least the machine shops there will be familiar with the thread - they use metric or some British standard thread here.
Heading back to Lake Ontario for this summer. Relatively few stops along the way from Grenada. Martinique, Guadeloupe, St. Martin (must have something to do with the French food), then Bermuda, New England and up the Hudson/Erie Canal. We were going to go via Newfoundland and Labrador but June remembered that one of the kids is getting married this summer - details, details!