Re: SSB vs sat phone for weather reports
I've been using an Icom 802 for many years when cruising offshore and I could give you some benefit of my Rig and experience; however, you would be better off purchasing a good book on the subject, of which there are many, I have most.
I recommend the Book by Cmdr Terry Sparks that specifically covers the Icom 802. Listed for Sale on Amazon.
To save cost for Email I suggest you obtain a HAM license, not necessary now to be proficient in Morse.