Originally Posted by PCP
The boats used to find new routes and explore were Caravelas. That was mostly done by Portuguese and some Genovese that worked with Portugal. Even Colombo learned in Portugal and was married with a Portuguese. Magalhães that discovered the way to go to Spain trough the Pacific Ocean was also a Portuguese working for Spain.
Caravelas where the best upwind boats of that time.
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After the map of winds was discovered those boats were substituted by ships that were made to sail mostly downwind. to give you an idea of the size of those babies take into consideration that the Bounty had a displacement of about 500T, those babies, the called Manila Galleons, on the XVI century averaged between 1600 to 2000 tons. They had full knowledge of the Hurricane season and sailed out of it even if several big vessels were sunk by hurricanes out of season.
Manila galleon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Niña, like the Pinta and Santa María, was a smaller trade ship built to sail the Mediterranean sea, not the open ocean
Pinta was a caravel built in Spain,,,deck 56 ft weighed approx 60 tons
Nina was a caravel built in Spain,,,deck 50 ft weighed approx 60 tons
Santa Maria was a Nao (carack) built in Spain ocean going deck 25 feet
weighed approx 100 tons
Bounty was a Collier built in Britian ocean going..deck length 90 wieghed
approx 215 tons
New Bounty built Nova Scotia....ocean going...deck length 120 weighed
approx 410 tons