Re: HMS Bounty in trouble...
Any wood boat that gets beat around a bit will open up. That's a given. A boat that is "tight" after being caulked is no indication of the hull's integrity, only that it does not leak much immediately. Rotted, oil-soaked, worm-eaten wood will not hold caulking for long. If the garboard is moving a lot because the whole hull is "soft", it will open up first, letting in a lot of water. Keels, made of oak are the first thing to get eaten by Toredo Worms. It just sounds like there was not enough pump capacity for the amount of leakage. Perhaps if they had a team of 50 sailors to man manual pumps around the clock, they may have avoided sinking but with a small crew, once the pumps went out, they were done.
Alberg 35: With a philosophical flourish Cato throws himself upon his sword; I quietly take to the ship.