Suddenly, Buster, a seven-year-old dachshund, climbed out of the cockpit and ran to the bow. "Buster never leaves the cockpit!" Joe exclaimed to his crew. "What the devil is he doing up there?"
Buster stood steadfastly at the bow, nose pointing 30 degrees to port and ignored both the drenchings of salt water and the repeated commands to return to the cockpit. Joe started to get mad and this time yelled for Buster to return. Still Buster held his ground, nose into the wind.
After much fussing and cussing, and Buster still not leaving his post, it finally dawned on Joe and his crew that Buster must smell land. They quickly adjusted their heading to Busters new course, and lo and behold, a tiny speck of land appeared just two hours later.
This episode of sailing with Buster happened long before GPS was around, but today our friend Joe loves to tell the story. "I never had a GPS, but I did have BPSBuster Positioning System!"
Dogs and boats have always seemed to get along well. Its hard to find a dog that doesnt like water or doesnt love the wind in his face. Just look at how theyre always sticking their heads out car windows. With this in mind, its not surprising that we run across so many fellow cruisers that have one or more dogs on board. Let us share with you some of the tricks and techniques weve learned that will help make your dog and cruising experience safer and happier for both man and beast.
If youre choosing a dog to go cruising with, keep in mind that a small dog is going to take up much less space. Hell be more transportable in your dinghy and on shore, plus you wont have to carry as much food. Its been our observation that cruisers with large dogs on board usually had these pets before they decided to cast off and couldnt bear leaving them behind.
The biggest issue youll likely face with your dog on board is what to do when nature calls. Cruisers that fail to train their dogs to relieve themselves on the boat quickly become slaves to their pets and are tied down in their travels. They must stick to cruising only the areas where they know they can go ashore and take their dog. Having to dinghy your dog ashore regularly, twice a day, regardless of the conditions outside soon gets tiring and is a task that should not be taken lightly.
Many cruisers have successfully trained their dogs to do their duty on board. Methods are wide-ranging in this department. Some train the dog to use an astro-turf grass mat on the deck, either inside a large plastic box or straight on the deck itself, depending on the size of the dog. Sprinkling some dirt or grass from a familiar spot on top of the mat helps when getting started. Another initiation to the mat technique is to scent the mat with the dogs own business, if you catch our drift.If you decide to try the mat on the deck method, tie a line to the mat to facilitate dunking it (and box if applicable) overboard for cleaning. Periodic soakings in vinegar help eliminate lingering odors. Other ingenious cruisers build platforms off the deck at the transom for the dog to use, designed so that the dog's efforts go straight overboard. It pays to be creative.
Regardless of the method you choose, the trick seems to be outlasting your dog in the waiting department when you are in the training phase. Its common for a dog to sometimes wait as long as 30 hours or more to relieve himself when the owner and dog first face off on the boat. Many owners break down long before this point feeling sorry for the animal, and take him ashorelike always. So what's the result? Dog 1, Cruiser 0.
Although most dogs are natural swimmers, you should introduce your dog to the water before you take off in the boat. Watch how well your dog swims, maneuvers, and how quickly he tires. Make a game out of throwing a life ring or other floating device on the end of a tossing line, and train the dog to swim to this and grab it. Not only will it be good exercise for the dog, but it may save his life one day by making a potential rescue easier.
Practice a dog overboard drill under controlled circumstances just as you would a man overboard drill. Getting your dog out of the water and back onto the boat can sometimes be a challenge. Boat designs with swim platforms can make this task much easier. Other boats with high freeboard and no swim platform can make this much more difficult. Make sure you have a well-rehearsed plan for your dog.
Small dogs can be easily lifted from the water to the dinghy or to boat. Even if theyre in the water and youre on the boat, if you have a harness on them, you can pick them up with a boat hook or even a large fish net. A grab loop added to the back of a harness at your dog's balance point can facilitate lifting the dog comfortably and safely.
Larger dogs are a different matter. Some can climb swim ladders, but others seem to rely completely on their owners for retrieval from the water. Again a harness is a good idea, and in situations where you cant lift the dog manually from the water or from your dinghy onto the boat, youll need to have a lifting device figured out in advance that you can use to retrieve your dog. Some cruisers use a block and tackle device (often their boomvang or preventer, so as not to duplicate equipment on board) that they rig up on the end of the boom. The block and tackle is set up with a cam cleat at the top end and can be controlled from both the dinghy and from on deck.
There may be additional training your dog will need to help you enjoy safer and more pleasant cruising. A dog should know that it can never jump off the boat without your command. Terrible situations can develop if a dog jumps off at an inopportune time. Approaching a dock, high traffic situations with motor boats speeding by, nighttime, strong currentsthe list goes on. Train your dog to go to a certain predetermined safe spot on your boat and stay there on command. Tether him if necessary. This is essential so that if you find yourself in a hairy situation, you dont have to worry about finding and containing your pet as well as getting things back under control.
Some dogs bark incessantly if left behind at anchor while the owners go ashore. It may not be the easiest thing, but effort on your part to keep your dog from barking will definitely be appreciated by the rest of the anchorage. Make it a practice when you leave your boat to return immediately if you hear your dog bark. Discipline him and let him know his behavior is not acceptable before you leave again. Some suggest leaving a radio on so the dog doesnt feel alone.
Food and water bowls are best contained by being glued inside another plastic box, so that any spills will not get all over the boat. Make sure your dog has water available to drink, especially in hot climes. If your dog becomes upset or nervous when you start the engine, try feeding him or giving him treats each time you turn the engine on. Hell soon view the noise of the engine in a new light.
If youre not in a position to take your dog ashore for regular walks, you will need to either allow the dog to exercise by swimming regularly, or you must cut down on the amount of food he gets each day. Maybe both will be necessary. Boat dogs often gain weight due to the dramatic decrease in the amount of exercise they get.
Having any pet on board can complicate cruising to foreign destinations. The main issue is that countries that dont have a rabies problem want to keep it that way, and dont want your pet to spread it. Even if your pet has had shots, it can still be a carrier of rabies. Some countries insist on a quarantine period; others allow pets to stay on board the boat only; and yet others may seize the animal and put it down if it is discovered there illegally. This is not an issue youll want to mess with, so check with local authorities and find out what the rules are before deciding to set sail for your chosen destination.
Dogs are wonderful companions and forever faithful. If youve enjoyed dogs in your life ashore, youll probably not want to leave them behind when you go cruising. Whether an older dog or a new puppy, adjustment to life on a boat is going to take a little time, just as it will for you. However, with proper training and a few specially devised "boat-friendly doggy devices", your new life of cruising together will be rewarding for all. And hey, you never know when your GPS might go out on you and youll need to rely on your own "Buster" for his incredible nose to get you back on course.
Pets Afloat by Tom Wood
Cruising with Cats by Sue & Larry
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