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post #21 of 24 Old 12-13-2008
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SY that is not true..

I have a rather small windlass a Lewmar 900 and it lifts both anchors with ease. The main is 28 kg and the tandem is 14 Kg..that almost 82 lbs, plus the chain.

I motor slowly ahead, and winch them up as I problem what so ever, so far.

And I onbly anchor tandem when i go to Culatra Island..all other times I only use the main anchor

Last edited by Giulietta; 12-13-2008 at 07:10 PM.
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post #22 of 24 Old 12-13-2008
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"Anchor size" is one of those threads that can go on forever. "What's your favorite anchor?" is the companion thread. It also goes on forever. However, both are important questions and should be discussed and debated. Please allow me to offer my 2 cents (If I mention a specific anchor in this post it is NOT and endorsement of any manufacturer or design! Pick whatever works best for you in your local conditions, not what works for me.)

I'm a firm believer in KISS; keep it simple stupid. My anchoring philosophy revolves around this principle. I'm also a firm believe in "practice makes perfect".

IMHO bigger is better. I have chosen anchors and rode rated for boats bigger than my Hunter30. Oversize anchors, attached to 12' of chain and nylon rode have worked for me in all types of conditions; from NY to the Bahamas I believe that the more anchor weight that hits the bottom, the deeper and quicker it will set.

As far as rodes go, unless you routinely anchor over coral reefs or other abrasive bottoms, I never understood the need for all-chain rodes. First, it adds a tremendous amount of weight to the bow of the vessel and it's a real PITA to retrieve without a good windlass. For the all-chain users, dropping a big pile of metal on the bottom does not constitute anchoring. It may work just fine in calm conditions, but as soon as the wind picks up and the chain plays out, you're SOL. Seems you never actually to set the anchor. Snorkel around a couple anchorages and you'll know what I mean.

I know, chain is stronger. But how many hurricanes to you plan to ride out in your vessel? The elasticity found in a nylon rode may help to make up for its different tensile strength.

The second most important part the anchoring equation is choosing the right anchor for the bottom conditions. Personally, I carry four anchors. My primary is a 35# Delta. My secondary is a 33# Bruce. Both are attached to 12 ft. of chain and 150 ft. nylon rodes. I also carry a 30# Danforth and a 15# claw anchor.

In the Bahamas I use the Delta almost exclusively. It penetrates sand quickly and is sharp enough to penetrate grass (especially if I dive on it to force it into the bottom) The Bruce is there in case I encounter a muddy bottom. It held like crazy on my last boat when I spent most of my time on the Hudson River. The claw anchor is collapsible and works great in a rocky area, or at the edge of a coral reef. The Danforth serves as my storm anchor.

Keeping to my KISS philosophy, I seldom deploy more than one anchor. I must admit that when a 40 knt. squall roared through my anchorage one morning, I motored into the wind for awhile to take the strain off the anchor . The next time the weather report called for similar conditions, I used the Bahamian moor to deploy both bow anchors. Everything worked just fine until I had to dive down to untangle the rodes. Same thing happened the next time I tried this technique in Nassau Harbour. For this reason I tend to anchor away from those folks who deploy two anchors. I will happily swing around my one anchor, keeping a regular anchor watch.

Laying out the proper scope is where many novices run into problems. For most situations, I find a 5:1 ratio to be sufficient. If a blow is expected, I'll go to 7:1 or greater. If you have any doubts, dive your anchor to see how your boat pulls on it. If your rode is lying flat against the bottom, any horizontal pull will serve to set the anchor more firmly. If the rode is rising clear of the bottom, the upward movement is apt to dislodge the anchor. Keep it simple. More wind, more rode.

Proper anchoring is not rocket science. It's common sense, reinforced by lots of practice.
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post #23 of 24 Old 12-13-2008
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I think there is some confusion as to the Bahamian moor and how it is executed and for what situations. Generally speaking it is used for a reversing current or anticipated reversing winds. Thus, after completion, one's boat is riding to her first rode dead ahead while the other rode tends aft in a straight line form the first. When the current shifts the load is transferred to the slack rode and that then becomes the primary anchor.

If you place these two anchors each broad on their respective bows you've conducted a bridle moor. Each anchor will tend approximately four points (45 degrees) to it's respective bow. The direction of maximum wind or current should bifurcate the 90 degree angle between them. The great advantage to this moor is not so much increased holding power but reduced horsing of the boat. You are locking the bow down in position reducing yaw. If you can reduce yaw you will substantially reduce the shock loading on your anchor rode. And, like all strains on gear, it's the shock load that is going to most often assure that something either breaks or breaks loose. This mooring also gives a much better chance of resetting an anchor, already deployed, than one would get attempting to set another anchor after the first is dragging. The anchors can drag respectively and have the opportunity to re-set independently. That is until they meet and then all bets are off...but not lost.

In particularly violent weather it may make sense to use the hammerlock moor which is a slightly modified version of the bridle moor. You'll set one anchor and then sheer off and drop the other to a shorter scope. You'll use this anchor, which may set and re-set, to limit the amount of yaw thereby preserving the hold the primary anchor has established. It is particularly useful in areas like the Chesapeake where the bottom is soft mud. In fact it was invented there by a USN LST, I believe, riding out a hurricane.

If you're yawing severely it's doubtful that any anchor is going to hold adequately, or any anchor rode. Reducing yawing by mooring is the best way to improve your holding power. And we'd be remiss if it wasn't mentioned that use of the engine and rudder can ease the vessel's motion and strain on her rode as well.

Retrieving an anchor is another subject entirely and frankly not germane to this discussion. After all, you can always buoy and slip your rode to return and retrieve it later, once it's done it's job of holding you in place through the maelstrom.

“Scientists are people who build the Brooklyn Bridge and then buy it.”
Wm. F. Buckley, Jr.
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post #24 of 24 Old 12-14-2008
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The twist

First of all I am not a fan of two anchors down at a time especially the Bahamian moor due the the twisted mess after a few tide changes.

I use the Bahamian at Beaufort NC because of the lack of space and that is what every one else does (etiquette 101). I often use fore and aft anchors in narrow channels in the Georgia ICW because there is NO room to swing sometimes even putting them on shore.

I have used tandem anchors in several high gales and one tornado and was so impressed that I actually got some sleep. My method ..... I let out about 25% of the rode on my primary and then connect my secondary anchor to the primary rode with a stainless steel carabiner and then let out more of both rodes (all chain)and because of the slip of the carabiner they both set at their own speed. The carabiner allows the second anchor to move up & down the primary rode and acts like a 44lb. kellet. Yes it took some thought and a little practice but as I said, I slept.
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