If you sail the world, do you accually need any passports, visas and so on?
Privatearms, in retrospect, it was irresponsible
to even begin a reply to your question. The conditions vary so much that only specific information from each country has any real relevance. By far the best place to find updated information by country is at Noonsite.com
. To show you the range (and provide some amusement) here are some arbitrary direct quotes
from Noonsite, in no particular order:
In some ports the authorities insist on everyone having a visa, even nationalities that are normally exempt.
A de-ratting certificate must be shown.
Visitors must bring a copy of their doctor's prescription as well as a letter stating the purpose of the drug.
Entry may be refused if there are Turkish Cyprus stamps in the passport.
A yellow fever vaccination certificate may be requested if arriving from some African countries.
Firearms, including spear guns, need an import permit from the Marine Police. The permit must be obtained in advance - two weeks is the minimum period necessary for obtaining a permit. It is now a requirement that visiting yachts must obtain cruising permits in order to cruise within Port of Singapore waters, including moving between marinas. In order to qualify for the permit, the visiting yacht must be fitted with an IMO AIS transponder or a Harbour Craft Transponder System (HARTS) transponder. Yachts not fitted with such a device may rent one.
The proof of insurance requirements are exacting; proof of third party insurance issued by an insurance company having reciprocal arrangements with a recognised Italian insurance company with an Italian translation, or insurance bought in Italy through an Italian broker. It is illegal for yachts to cruise in Italian waters without valid third-party insurance. Yachts which do not have insurance may not be allowed to leave the harbour until they obtain it.
Automatic and semi automatic weapons are not to be brought into the country at all as these are strictly prohibited and severe penalties are in place for any breach of these prohibitions.
You may not have onboard obscene publications, or videos, narcotics (other than genuine medical emergency drugs).
A cruising permit must be obtained in advance of arrival. One should apply in writing to the Chief of Immigration. The application should contain the following information: boat name, port and flag of registration, LOA, net and gross tonnage, crew list, detailed itinerary, intended port of entry. It takes several months to receive an answer.
Portuguese nationals will be refused entry. Israelis require special permission. One should carry a large quantity of photocopies of documents, especially the cruising permit and yacht registration document, enough to be given to officials at all ports of call. Otherwise, all yachts must obtain a cruising permit and security clearance in advance. The formalities for this must be done through an approved agent. Agents should be chosen with care as yachts have sometimes not been dealt with fairly.
Documents needed are the registration certificate, certificate of competence, third party insurance certificate, crew lists, radio licence, and a list of all dutiable items such as alcohol, tobacco and any movable objects not part of the yacht's equipment, such as cameras, portable radios or the outboard engine. A cruising permit will be issued by the Harbourmaster, which must be shown at subsequent stops.
Each person from a non-EU country on board the yacht must deposit in a French Polynesian bank a sum of money equivalent to a one-way air ticket back to their home country.
All crew are required to show evidence of funds of $400 NZ per month if living on the yacht. The owner of the yacht must show evidence of owership and of adequate 3rd party insurance. The Agricultural Department (MAF) charges time and mileage to inspect boats and this inspection must be conducted immediately on arrival. Yachts may share the cost between them.
As of 1st January 2009, a detailed inventory must be completed and stamped by Customs. This form will be compared with a similar produced on exit from the country. Any differences must be supported by a purchase receipt or sales receipt (with customer details)
As for Russia
, I won't even begin to describe the rules.