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hatch repair

The companionway hatch cover on my Victoria 18 is cracked and needs repair. I believe the construction of the hatch, like the deck, is balsa-cored fiberglass. I'm looking for advice on material and technique for a strong repair. What weight of glass cloth? Do I replace the core? Etc.
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post #2 of 5 Old 06-28-2014
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Re: hatch repair

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Originally Posted by iwhitman View Post
The companionway hatch cover on my Victoria 18 is cracked and needs repair. I believe the construction of the hatch, like the deck, is balsa-cored fiberglass. I'm looking for advice on material and technique for a strong repair. What weight of glass cloth? Do I replace the core? Etc.
I think most people will find it hard to picture the part you are trying to repair. Can you post a picture? Is this a sliding hatch? is the core saturated, or is it still dry?

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Re: hatch repair

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Originally Posted by iwhitman View Post
The companionway hatch cover on my Victoria 18 is cracked and needs repair. I believe the construction of the hatch, like the deck, is balsa-cored fiberglass. I'm looking for advice on material and technique for a strong repair. What weight of glass cloth? Do I replace the core? Etc.
Cracked - is that surface issue only? Check before you do too much.

Companionway hatches are seldom balsa-cored, usually in "pure" grp. Check.

If there is balsa, you have to check if water has penetrated or not. If the crack(s) are deep, then probably the balsa is to be renewed - or a design change.

Companionway hatches are often quite exposed as they are in the middle of everything. At the same time, forces on these are often limited, resulting in damages being on surface rather than deep.

I propose to start with a real clean-up. Start to get of dust and grease with detergent and water, continue with either a solvent as aceton (strong) or some light rubbing.
In any case you have to investigate if there is balsa or not. If you strongly belive in balsa, then drill a small hole, preferably from the underside. It doesn't have to go throu to the up-side. Then you will get out some balsa (if there is any) and/or some grp. Carefully inspect. Wet balsa means you should remove it. GRP should not be wet, but if it is, then there are some different options.

If balsa is to be replaced then it is probably best to remove the grp layer from the underside. Best is to do this in-door, hatch removed. Easy to work then.
Remove balsa, put a new layer, and seal with some layers of either usual fiber + polyesther or use epoxi.
Then have a look on the upper side. Cracks shuod be repaired, often sufficient to use gelcoat. If upper side has considerable cracks, then grind of gelcoat layer, clean with aceton and add some layers of grp. īTop with gelcoat/topcoat (a lot of work to get even) or paint (simple, consider to make it intentional different then it was wrt pattern and color).

However, I suspect your hatch is without balsa, but has many cracks, some are deep. In that case, remove hatch, have it in-door to dry. Decide if you want to repair
a) with some layers of grp
b) cosmetic with gelcoat / topcoat
c) paint.
Cracks should be filled in the cases of (b) and (c).

There are a lot info on internet on how to work with grp - google, look up and read before you start.

/J

Last edited by Jaramaz; 06-28-2014 at 01:49 AM.
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Re: hatch repair

Thank you to both responders. I've added photos. After removing the hatch to take the photos, I got a much better look at it.

I see now that there is no core in the cracked area. There does seem to be a core through part of the hatch, visible as a thicker rectangular area in the underside/inside view. But this area (core?) doesn't extend to the edges of the hatch and the cracks don't seem to reach it.

Thank you for introducing me to the term GRP.

My plan currently is to grind away material from the cracks and laying several layers of cloth over them, each larger than the one below, to maximize the bond with the existing material.

Do you have a suggestion on the weight of glass (I've seen cloth from 3/4 oz to 6 oz) I should use?
Attached Thumbnails
2014-06-29 10.17.11-overview.jpg   2014-06-29 10.18.16-inside.jpg   2014-06-29 10.18.44-insideClose.jpg   2014-06-29 11.08.08-lessClose.jpg   2014-06-29 11.08.28-closeup.jpg  

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post #5 of 5 Old 07-01-2014
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Re: hatch repair

You will get more strength by glassing the inside. 6oz should be doubled on the inside corners and turns. Use epoxy. Grind with 36-50 36 grit , coat.. cloth while tacky. wet out cloth, wait for the epoxy to kick but still be sticky, add another coat of epoxy. at least 3 times until the weave isn't showing. You can add color to the epoxy if you wish but it will still need paint to protect it. The outside can be gel coated if you want to try. or fill with epoxy and paint.

Replace the wood with new also! and don't stand directly on top of it! (or try not to )
Good luck

Denise, Bristol PA, Oday 30. On Tidal Delaware River, Anchor Yacht Club.
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