According to The Art of Rigging
By George Biddlecombe
. - All cordage in general, above one inch in circumference, which bear different names, according to their various uses.
.—A rope to which the edges of a sail are sewed, in order to strengthen and prevent them from splitting. That part of a bolt-rope which is on the sides of a square-sail, are called the leech-ropes; that at the top, the head-rope; and that at the bottom, the foot-rope. Stay-sails have no head-rope. A Bolt Rope is the rope sewed to the skirts or edges of sails.
.—To secure the leadsman when in the chains, heaving the lead. A Breast Rope is fastened along the laniards of the shrouds, for safety, when heaving the lead in the chains.
.—The rope which fastens the buoy to the anchor. It should be a little more than equal in length to the depth of the water where the anchor lies, as it is intended to float near, or immediately above the bed of it, that the pilot or officer may at all times know the situation thereof. It should be always of sufficient strength to weigh the anchor, if necessary. (PL 6, fig. 10.) A Buoy Rope is a rope fastened to the buoy of the anchor.
is the lashing which secures the davit to the shrouds, when out of use.
hang from the upper part of the stanchions alongside the ladder at the gangways.
is fastened to an eye-bolt in the ship's side, and to the outer end of a boom, project- ing from the ship's side, by guys, to keep the boats clear off the sides.
are the ropes sewed along the upper edge of sails, &c., to strengthen them; when applied to flags, are termed Headlines.
is to haul out jib-booms, and the bowsprits of cutters, etc.
— A general name given to the small sets of ropes, used for ascending or descending a ship's side, hatchways, &c. Bowsprit horses are also called man-ropes.
lead round the ship, through eyes in the quarter, waist, gangway, and forecastle stanchions, forward to the knight-heads.
are occasionally made fast to the ring-bolts in the deck, and by cross-turns round the cable, to confine it securely in stormy weather.
Slip Rope is to trice the bight of the cable into the head, and is also employed in casting off a vessel in a tide-way, etc.
is a rope used to trice up the bight of other ropes; as, Get a slip rope round the bight of the cable, and trice it up into the head.
is the rope by which the tiller is worked. (Explained in Part III).
.—A rope employed to sway up a top-mast or topgallant mast, in order to fix it in its place, or to lower it in tempestuous weather, or when it is no longer necessary. The rope used on this occasion for the top-masts is, on account of their great weight, furnished with a top-tackle at its lower end, to hoist or lower the mast with greater facility. A top rope is a rope rove through the heel of a top-mast, to raise it by its tackle. to the mast-head,