The reason why I ask the question is because there seems to be no enforcement of a speed limit especially on the inside of the break wall near Buffalo in lake Erie. ....
.... Any suggestions on how to bring this to someone's attention that cares and has the authority to do something about it.
I know what the CFR says but I also know that "everything is local". My backyard is Milwaukee, WI. Like Buffalo, we have an inner harbor, an outer harbor and Milwaukee Bay (the lake).
Jurisdictional issues are often agreed upon at the local level. In our case, the inner & outer harbor (area inside the breakwall) is "policed" by The City of Milwaukee and Milwaukee County. Both entities have cops on the water. The USCG isn't in the business of enforcing speed limits inside the breakwall but does routine stops to see if boaters are in compliance with USCG regulations. They do provide mutual aid when requested by the City/County cops. (ie: air shows, fireworks, etc.)
I would start with a visit to USCG Sector Buffalo, 1 Fuhrmann Blvd, Buffalo, NY (716) 843-9315. Indicate you have concerns about excessive speeds inside the breakwall and ask who has jurisdiction for that specific area inside the breakwall. Looks like there a couple mooring fields designated in the area you are talking about. Ref chart 14833
We had a problem, this week, with the placement of moorings in in a field just south of the Milwaukee outer harbor. We learned that the USCG didn't have "jurisdiction" over that area, it was controlled by the Milwaukee County Parks Department and we had to contact them. You may find that Erie County may have juridiction over the area you are concerned about if it is near NFTA Boat Harbor Park.
Good Luck . . .