I just bought my first boat, a Seafarer 29, and after going out a few times, I see that the way she is rigged doesn't allow for too much sail trimming and fine tuning. For some background information, right now I am working towards improving my skills, in the near future I would like to do some racing and coastal cruising, all in preparation for offshore cruising at some point... I sail by myself half the time and with my son, who's 15, the other half. I sail around Long Island, NY.
In the first picture you can see the boat sailing close-hauled, since then the genoa was sized down to 130. The sheet goes aft to a block then fore to the winch. There is a genoa lead car which has not been used. And it seems that the track is set too much fore to be effective. As you can see it is a roller furling genoa. So right now, I can't adjust the tension in the luff and I can't adjust the tension in the foot and leech. I can only trim and ease.
Adjusting the luff tension would be done via the jib halyard. If you have one of the furlers with an integrated halyard, like a CDI Flexible Furler, you're basically screwed. IMHO, those types of furlers are best relegated to boats under 26' LOA.
The photo is too small to see any real detail in how the genoa track is setup and without more information, it is hard to say whether it is appropriate for the sail you have or not. Having an adjustable jib fairlead, whether by a car on a track or via different positions on a slotted toe rail, is what allows you to change the tension on the foot and leech of the headsail. The way you're leading the jib sheets sounds like you're going to a fixed turning block, which is usually done after the jib sheet leaves the adjustable fairlead block.
The gooseneck is not fixed on the mast, it can move up and down. The outhaul is very short and I don't see how can I adjust the tension in the foot.
Most outhauls are a block and tackle setup to give you the purchase to tension the foot properly. It doesn't look like you've got that on your boom, but the photo really is a bad one for seeing details of how the outhaul is setup.
There is no boom vang. How am I supposed to adjust the cunningham?
How do you have the lines run for the cunningham. I see the block, but can't see how you're running the lines. Ideally, you'd have a cunningham hook on the block and put that through the cunningham cringle. Then, when you tension the block and tackle, you'd tension the luff via the cunningham. You could also run a line from the block up through the cunningham and then down to the gooseneck, which would effectively double the block's purchase (leverage).
I once tried to reef the main and I had a very hard time attaching the cringle to the ram hook. Does it look right in the picture?
The hook looks bent or distorted to me.
If on the last picture that eye is for the spinnaker pole, it means that I can't adjust the pole position on the mast, right?
What are my options?
Your suggestions would be greatly appreciated.
Chances are, especially on a non-racing boat like an Islander, that you're setup for a whisker pole, not a spinnaker pole. This would be used for poling out the genoa when sailing downwind and you want to sail wing-on-wing.