It isn't a lawless zone. If a military vessel captures suspected pirates, where is the appropriate jurisdiction for bringing them to trial?
I'm not sure. People have been prosecuted in a number of countires: USA and Denmark, but mainly Kenya. But the Kenyans wanted to stop having to be the prosecutors but were pleaded with by the West and have started up again. So I thinks its got something to do with countries local to the incidents; the origin of the navy's involved; and the country of origin of the pirates.
More like the country with the ability to bring the charges.
Someone else should know.
If a private vessel defends itself in international waters, is it subject to the laws of the country in which it is flagged?
I don't think the flagged country, normally. I thought it was the next country you stop at you need to report incidents and they are ment to investigate.
Certanly the laws of a flagged country can't be exclusivly held as that would be called extraterritoriality it would need to be international law.
I sure as hell wouldn't be reporting I shot 6 pirates when docking in Djabouti, Sudan or Egypt. You wouldn't be hear from again!
Would arming commercial vessels (or putting military units on board) provide enough deterrence over time?
As I understand it commercial vessels can't carry weapons because too many ports refuse them entry. A cargo ship has to be able to go anywhere. So none have guns.
Maybe someone on here is a lawyer with international law experience? Just give us 3 minutes of your time and send your $10,000 bill to Sailnet.com!