I posted these on another thread some time back that had to do with Cod fishing.
Andrews, my earliest memory with sailboats was the departure of the "White Fleet" to Terra Nova (New Found land). I was there all the years since the late 50's till mid 60's. My father as many other Portuguese always went to the Tejo to see the departure of all those big sailing boats heading for distant shores. Here you have a photo of Crioula sailing taken by Allan Villiers a great Australian sailor and photographer.
Villier sailed with the Argus, one of those boats and published a famous book with great photos: The Quest of the Schooner Argus (1951 Charles Scribner's Sons)
He says on the book and in two articles for the National Geographic, "I sailed with Portugal's Captains Courageous" and "The Lonely Doryman":
A tough life, you say?...A dog's life, that's what it is! My God, there is no harder life upon the sea! All fishing is tough, but that's the toughest, hardest way to make a living that I know. Those fellows will be lucky to be back home six months from now. Aye, and some of 'em won't be coming. I warn you, shipmates, things are tough all over Europe now, but don't ever ship in one of them! Those Portuguese use one-man dories. Keep out of them!
Portugal was the last country to abandon sailing as the main propulsion system on fishing boats and used dories and lines instead of trawlers and this is a way of fishing that should be implemented again because it is an ecological way.
Nothing to do with the big trawlers that destroy all sea life. Each big sailing boat carried many little sailing boats (dories) and each man was the captain of each little boat and fished for himself, a percentage for him and another for the big boat and they could sail away till 10Nm of the mother ship. I think that this individualism, as hard as it was, pleased the souls of sailors that like to command their own destiny and do as they pleased. That probably explains why it took so long to substitute dories by those impersonal and sea-life destructive big trawlers.
Some nice movies made by Canadians:
And a nice site that tells the story of the relation between Portuguese fisherman and Canadians:
On Baleal, that nice beach where I lived many years, one of the fishermen (today he owns a small café) that lives there was on his youth a dory man, my neighbor is a retired captain of a Bacalhau ship (motor) and the father of a good friend was captain of one of those sailing boats. In fact in his carrier he was captain of two.
Baleal, West Coast, Portugal: The North and South Bay
Porto the biggest city on the North of Portugal. Porto means port and it was so important that the city is just called Porto. Today you can enter but the quays are all occupied with tourist boats. For staying you have to use Leixões, some few NM South. This funny sailing boats were used to bring Porto wine from up river till the city. There is a famous race once in a year.
It is in fact that very book, The Quest of the Schooner Argus, that I copied those pages from. I have a couple of Villier's books , the other being Cruise of the Conrad, wish I had more.