Join Date: Jun 2005
Location: New Orleans
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Ricky, I can give only general advice to you; it teach sailing part-time here in the U.S. but don't know about the Med. or what the regulations are.
In the States, you need a Coast Guard license to carry passengers for hire, which takes two years' worth of actual sailing days to qualify for, and if you want to carry more than 6 paying passengers, the boat has to be inspected for a Coast Guard certificate, and periodically reinspected.
Sailboats are wonderful, but can be expensive, and maintenance in a salt-water environment is a continuous process. You would need commercial insurance too, and I don't know about business licenses, you may want to form a corporation or GMBH as I think you call it over there.
You're new to sailing and boats. Get as much experience as you possibly can, maybe start with a sailing class, crew with anyone you can as much as you can, get invited on a cruise, volunteer to crew in races, it's a great teaching tool. I think the best sailors learn first in the smaller, responsive boats (say 4-5 meters long), and then move up. this will take some time, so be patient.
Once you've really mastered sailing in all conditions, then qualify and take whatever captain's license is required, I would assume the German or EC regs would be somewhat similar to the US, but don't know. Then, try to get a position in an existing sailing school, so you get the teaching experience and can tell if you like it enough to make a business of it, and what the costs are, and whether you have a chance of financial success in whatever way you choose to measure "success".
Many of your questions can only be answered by the experience you get along the way. It's not a quick process, though, so be patient and you'll see how it turns out. Best of luck.