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Well, this thread is the perfect example of "how to" from simple question couple of guys (to me arrogant and "self righted") can make out of sailing bad taste horror!! I experience that on my own skin, as in the past the same jerks embarrassed my sailing and professional reputation. I tried to calm down there comments and treat it seriously, but it did not work. They were yapping, yapping and yapping. I simply stopped reading comments they make on this forum as those comments are embarrassing to everyone but them, and have no value of any friendly advices, accept to show how "smart" they are in there own eyes.
So, let it be for them, for us it is important to share as decent info about sailing as we can provide, based on our knowledge and experience.
Here is my three pennies:
1. Take a look at Giu broken boom. To me it is evidently bad set-up of the sheets to the boom as well as luck of attention from the skippers side. Notice that the main sheet block is looking towards the mast not the stern - in deed it will break any boom due to the extreme strength directed wrong way during jibing. So, it is how you set your sheets/hardware in relation to the boom, sail power (reefing?), boom vang, preventer, placement of your crew on the deck and the skippers perfection and overseeing possible problems. All those aspects play its own role in choosing to do jibing or not, independent of the weather conditions. Either jibing or tacking is not advice if you are not prepared for it in every meaning. However, if you are prepared either one you should consider just changing the course with the same sailing principals and safety in mind. Don’t be scared of it. It is just another sailing maneuver. I suggest that inexperience sailor should practice jibing and tacking as often as he can in any conditions of the sea, and independent of the crew number. Just to find out how your boat is behaving under different coditions. You can take it for granted, that at some point every one of us will do jibing or tacking at the most unwanted moment, and practice will only help. If you need more info try to look for sailing or racing tactics books (ex. Doyle, North) were without any unnecessary comments you get exactly how to manage many of those techniques. It is too much to write about it, sorry. Yes I agree every situation is different and there is no one simple formula to do proper jibing. It is in your guts and sailing heart.
2. Racing is a very good idea to learn but don’t listen to the comments like: "I don’t use preventer because this is the racing boat (Giu I never heard such a crap). If you going to do CAN racing most likely you will never use preventer as most of those boats never sail dead downwind (but I would not rule it out), however, if you do ocean or long distance races don’t you dare to go out without preventer (strong preventer). It is one of the most essential hardware to prevent what GIU is calling "accident". Such accidents are only the luck of attention to what is happening around you and luck of employing "sweet'" preventer. Use it if you can and you will see that in the case of so called accidental jibing you still have a chance to correct your course and get out of the trouble. I personally do not see any room for accidental jibing unless you are racing in so wired conditions or simply do not pay attention to the surroundings. Only in NZ you can expect 25-40 degrees shifts on regular bases. In the USA it is very rare.
3. Jibing in over 20 kts of wind. I am big time surprised (!!!!!!) that on this forum so called racers are not jibing in 20 kts of wind. Perhaps they are simply scared. Don’t be afraid to do jibing in those conditions as you most likely will sail with speed 7-12 knots (dependent of the boat). So, 20kts minus your speed will give you just over 10knots of wind and this is not a big deal. As a matter of fact I think it would be much harder to tack in those conditions then jibing and that includes possibility of more damage to the equipment/hardware. To me personally, it makes no difference jibing or tacking and I will do it every few yards if necessary. But you need to be prepared for it, do not surprise your crew with unexpected maneuver.
Concluding, I like to encourage you to ask questions around, even if you are experienced sailor. It is very common between the most experience sailors that small information (to some without any meaning) may change your techniques of sailing relatively different and more sufficient. Stay away from “freelance” comments and always bear in mind that at sea all those arrogant attitudes will pay the price. In this thread are dozens of very important information’s from other members. Read it, use it and talk to them - rest others as they will only take your time without any resolution. If you really need it, contact me and we will exchange phone calls to chat about it.
I am always glad to help.