<HTML><!-- eWebEditPro 126.96.36.199 --><FONT color=#3a86a0><B>How to passage safely and comfortably</FONT> <P></B><P><TABLE align=right border=0><TBODY><TR><TD width=8></TD><TD></TABLE></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>Its day two in our sail from Norfolk, VA, to Portland, ME. With gentle seas and favorable winds, <EM>Safari</EM> is averaging 6.5 knots. When youre out of sight of land for so long, your mind has plenty of time to wander and explore. I find myself thinking back to the factors that have made this trip so pleasant. Both Sue and I are void of the anxieties that we both felt on previous overnight sails. <P>Before leaving Norfolk, we tried to determine what caused anxiety in offshore sailing. Our hope was to identify and then deal with these issues up front, before they had a chance to affect us on our journey. <P>I looked at accounts of high seas rescue situations involving boats caught in offshore storms. In most cases, the rescued sailors agreed that it was crew failure that ultimately caused the emergency and subsequent evacuation. Present in most rescue operations were three primary issues: fatigue, seasickness, and boat-handling ability. <P>Although Sue and I do not expect to be caught in an offshore storm and have to abandon ship, we do want to be prepared for any conditions we may encounter. We also recognized that these same factors would directly influence not just our safety, but also our comfort and subsequent anxiety level--even if the seas never top three feet. <P><IMG height=167 src="http://www.sailnet.com/images/content/authors/sue_larry/4pic3.jpg" width=244 align=left> First, we addressed fatigue. We saw fatigue as being composed of two basic elements: sleep and nutrition. As for sleep, we established a four-hour watch schedule aboard <EM>Safari</EM>. We both considered this schedule to be serious, and we stuck to it throughout the day and night. To compensate for lost sleep at night, we forced ourselves to sleep some during the day. This was not always easy. On a prior overnight sail, I stayed awake most of the night. This left me exhausted and unable to function the next day. Another time, Sue and I tried two-hour watches but found the time too short for adequate rest. <P>Before leaving, we prepared all our food in advance. This we stored in ready-to-serve portions that could be eaten cold, or would require only simple heating. Anyone who has spent time in rough seas knows how tough it can be to work down below in a galley. In fact, I sometimes find it challenging in a gourmet kitchen on land! <P>Do we get seasick? Unfortunately, yes. Sue and I are both prone to seasickness in certain conditions. We are, however, learning how to control it. We have found that the active ingredient in Bonine and Dramamine II, meclizine hydrochloride 25 mgs, works great without causing drowsiness. If you want to fall asleep fast, take the regular Dramamine. They should market this product as a sleep pill. Sue took this once two years ago on a trip and slept for six hours. Other sailors have reported similar side effects. This could be dangerous if you needed your crew to help you offshore in deteriorating conditions. We also have in our medical bag the prescription product Transderm Scop. This is a patch product that you place behind your ear that lasts up to three days. We have not found ourselves in conditions to warrant using these yet. <P>When you stop and think bout it, sailing overnight with only two people aboard is a lot like single-handing. One person sails the boat alone, while the other person rests. This, of course, requires boat-handling skills from both crew members. Since the off-watch person must genuinely rest, the on-watch crew member must be competent and comfortable operating the vessel alone. <P><IMG height=218 src="http://www.sailnet.com/images/content/authors/sue_larry/4pic2.jpg" width=151 align=right> Aboard <EM>Safari</EM>, Sue and I try to share responsibilities equally. Each of us now has the confidence and ability to single-hand under most conditions. Im fortunate that Sue was already an experienced sailor before we met. Actually, she has more sailing experience than I do. The down side to Sues experience is that I cant boss her around like a lot of guys do their wives. There are also times when two captains aboard make for some interesting discussions. Oh well, you cant have everything. <P>Weve talked with other cruising couples who told us of their anxiety and concerns regarding offshore sailing, particularly at night. In most cases, one of the two is not comfortable handling the boat. One woman told us that she never takes her eyes off the radar screen while on watch, ready to awaken her sleeping husband if a blip occurs. As a result, her journey is stressful and unpleasant. Not surprisingly, she does not want to go offshore at night again. <P>Well, enough of this serious stuff. I guess Ive found that when you are prepared for the worst, the good times are even that much better. My watch just finished and I really must get some sleep. I lay in my bunk, confident that <EM>Safari</EM>, now 50 miles offshore, is under command with Sue at the helm and heading safely toward Buzzards Bay. I have four hours before my next watch. I drift quickly into a deep comfortable sleep ... <P><TABLE cellPadding=5 width=468 align=center bgColor=#c4d7fc border=1><TBODY><TR><TD><P align=left><FONT face="Trebuchet MS, arial" color=#000000 size=+2><B><A name=sidebar>Guidebooks</A></B></FONT></P><P>Here is a quick list of some of the cruising guides we have on board for our cruise.</P><P><EM><B>Reeds Nautical Almanac-North American East Coast</B></EM><BR><B>Publisher:</B> Thomas Reed Publications<BR><B>Contents:</B> Overview of inlets, lat/long of major navigational aids, tides and currents for virtually every location (Bahamas and Bermuda included), radio frequencies and times for weather broadcasts.<BR><B>Comments:</B> This is not a cruising guide, but an invaluable reference that no boater should be without. We probably use this book more than any other in our cruising. </P><P><EM><B>Cruising Guide to Eastern Florida & Cruising Guide to South Carolina and Georgia</B></EM><BR><B>Author:</B> Claiborne S. Young<BR><B>Publisher:</B> John F. Blair, Winston-Salem, North Carolina<BR><B>Contents:</B> Covers primarily Intracoastal Waterway navigational information, with anchorages and marinas. Provides history of each area, along with photos and sketches. Discusses navigability of most inlets along the coast.<BR><B>Comments:</B> These are good guides to have aboard. We find that it has almost all of the information that you need, but it is not always easy to find specific information quickly. We like the fact that there is no advertising in this reference book. <P><EM><B>Southern Waterway Guide, Mid-Atlantic Waterway Guide & Northern Waterway Guide</B></EM><BR><B>Publisher:</B> Intertec Publishing<BR><B>Contents:</B> Southern (all of Florida, the Bahamas and the Gulf Coast to Mexico) mid-Atlantic (Chesapeake Bay to northern Florida), northern (New England coast, Long Island Sound, Hudson River and the Triangle Loop) and lots of marina information and advertising in these publications. Covers most navigation and anchoring information needed for each area, as well as shore facilities.<BR><B>Comments:</B> Probably used by more boaters than any other guide. If you only want to buy three guides to take you from Maine to Mexico, these would be the ones. We found them our least favorite as they are oriented towards spending money at marinas. Every other page is a full-page advertisement. <P><EM><B>A Cruising Guide to the Maine Coast</B></EM><BR><B>Author:</B> Hanke and Jan Taft<BR><B>Publisher:</B> Diamond Pass Publishing, Inc., Peaks Island, Maine.<BR><B>Contents:</B> Covers the entire coast of Maine and connecting parts of New Brunswick<BR><B>Comments:</B> The best cruising guidebook we've ever seen. Every other guidebook writer would do well to reorganize all of their information into the same clear, logical and useful manner in which this book is done. <BR>The guide covers just about every nook and cranny of Maine you would want to try and visit, and rates each one as to beauty, interest, safe harbor, etc. It also covers interesting history of some of the ports and describes in detail much of the wildlife you will see from your boat. </P><P></TABLE><BR><BR></P></TD></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE></P></HTML>
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