Comparing Storm Tactics
<HTML><!-- eWebEditPro 220.127.116.11 --><P><!--- question body text --->After reading several articles on heavy-weather sailing, I keep seeing references to different storm tactics under bare poles. Could you discuss heaving-to, lying-to, and running before it? <P><FONT color=#000000><FONT size=4><B>John Rousmaniere responds:<BR></B></FONT></FONT><!--- answer body text --->These three main categories can be confusing. However, bear in mind that they are not merely tactics to use at sea in a blow. All of them, especially heaving-to, may be used profitably in any condition to stop the boat or steady her. <P>To heave-to is to stop, or all but stop, a boat that has some sail set on a close-hauled or close-reaching heading. This boat is described as being hove-to. <P>To lie-to a sea anchor is to turn the bow into the wind and, under bare poles, stream a sea anchor (a large parachute) off the bow on a line. The boat lies generally with her bow into the waves. (There also is a technique of lying-to a sea anchor under shortened sail.) <P>To run before it is to turn the stern of a boat under bare poles to the wind and seas. A drogue (a small parachute) or warps (line) may be dragged astern to slow the boat. <P><!--- name ---></P></HTML>
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