overdue at Sans Souci
Join Date: Nov 2007
Location: Midland Ontario
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A very useful thread. I own neither a cone nor a white ball, and I haven't seen either on Georgian Bay in the Great Lakes.
The collision regs under the Canada Shipping Act (Rule 25) state:
"A vessel proceeding under sail when also being propelled by machinery shall exhibit forward where it can best be seen a conical shape, apex downwards." If you're a sea lawyer, that says the cone is only required when you're motoring AND you have sails up.
The regs are a bit more vague about the ball at anchor. Rule 30 says:
(a) A vessel at anchor shall exhibit where it can best be seen:
(i) in the fore part, an all-round white light or one ball,
(ii) at or near the stern and at a lower level than the light prescribed in subparagraph (i), an all-round white light.
(b) A vessel of less than 50 metres in length may exhibit an all-round white light where it can best be seen instead of the lights prescribed in paragraph (a) of this Rule.
So you can read that exemption for vessels less than 50 meters that they only have to exhibit one all-round white light instead of the "lights" prescribed. Note that the rules say nothing about day and night, only that in a ship more than 50 meters long, the forward white light cam be substituted by a ball. So if you're less than 50 meters and you only have to show one light, it doesn't follow that you'd need the ball as well, which is only mentioned in relation to a big ship with a separate anchoring display forward. So I say: no ball when anchoring a vessel less than 50 meters in Canada, day or night. Correct? (That said, put a bright orange float on a line to my anchor to show its position.)
The Office of Boating Safety's Safe Boating Guide goes on in great detail about regs affecting pleasure craft, and has zilch to say about an inverted cone underway for sailboats (although you are directed to inspect the colregs) or a ball while at anchor. So there should be little surprise that hardly anyone in Canada (including me) owns these items or is even aware of them. That said, maybe I should get myself a cone. I do have the required radar reflector.
Last edited by Diva27; 11-15-2007 at 08:48 PM.