Close Hauled Tactics - SailNet Community
Seamanship & Navigation Forum devoted to seamanship and navigation topics, including paper and electronic charting tools.

 
LinkBack Thread Tools
post #1 of 3 Old 05-15-2003 Thread Starter
Junior Member
 
Join Date: May 2003
Posts: 4
Thanks: 0
Thanked 0 Times in 0 Posts
Rep Power: 0
 
Close Hauled Tactics

Still have not got sailing close hauled worked out properly yet.
Any tips?
djakunda is offline  
Quote Quick Reply Share with Facebook
Sponsored Links
Advertisement
 
post #2 of 3 Old 05-15-2003
Moderator
 
Jeff_H's Avatar
 
Join Date: Feb 2000
Location: Annapolis, Md
Posts: 6,898
Thanks: 5
Thanked 149 Times in 122 Posts
Rep Power: 10
     
Close Hauled Tactics

You have not said what your problem with sailing close hauled actually is but here are a couple of quick suggestions. If you don''t have them add teletales on the end of your upper battens of your mainsail and on both sides of your jib roughly 15% back from the luff.

Practice at first by only focusing on the jib. Trim the jib in until the leech is just outboard of your spreaders and sail so that the teletales on the jib are flowing back horizontally. If one side is acting up or hanging down, turn the boat away from the side of the sail with the messed up teletale. In other words if the windward teletale is acting up turn away from the wind. Once you begin to get good at that trim in the mainsail so that the teletale on the upper batten pocket is streaming aft. If it is sucked in behind the sail or if when you sight up from below the boom the upper batten is cocked to windward of the boom, then ease the mainsheet just a little bit. If the mainsail is luffing at that point, bring the traveller to weather a little bit. With a big genoa it is not all that unusual to carry a small luff in the mainsail when going up wind in a breeze so don''t panic.

The main thing is to get out there and enjoy yourself. It will get easier with time.

Jeff
Jeff_H is offline  
Quote Quick Reply Share with Facebook
post #3 of 3 Old 05-16-2003
Senior Member
 
Join Date: May 2002
Posts: 2,692
Thanks: 6
Thanked 31 Times in 29 Posts
Rep Power: 14
 
Close Hauled Tactics

In order to beat to windward efficiently, you need to raise and trim the sails correctly, and use good helmsmanship. If you donít raise the sails correctly, you wonít be able to shape and trim them properly in the ways described by Jeff H.

The sails should be raised so that there are no wrinkles in the leading edges. As a general rule, the stronger the wind, the more tension you should put on the leading edges of the sails, by using the halyard, downhaul, or cunningham, but donít put on so much tension that a deep curl forms along the leading edge of the sails. Scallops or deep longitudinal curls in the leading edges of your sails destroy the boatís ability to point.

After you have raised the sails correctly, you should trim them as Jeff H described.

Next, you should think about helmsmanship. As boat speed increases to windward, apparent windspeed also increases. When the apparent windspeed increases, the effect is the same as if the boat is sailing in stronger wind. The wind generates more power. In short, higher boat speed begets higher apparent wind speed. A smooth bottom and keel enables your boat to attain its maximum speed potential and that enables it to generate the highest possible apparent wind speed.

Although it might seem counterintuitive, you should foot (or bear off slightly) when you want to beat to windward and point as close to the wind as possible. Hereís how the principle works. The keel provides both lateral resistance and lift. Those forces enable your boat to sail to windward without side-slipping. A fast flow of water over the hull and keel generates more lift. That added lift enables a boat to point higher, with less slippage to leeward. By bearing off slightly, the boat increases its speed. Because of the increase in speed, the keel generates more lift, which enables the boat to point higher. (Notice that boat speed generates more power from the sails and more lift from the keel, both of which increase the boatís pointing ability.)

When a sailboat is moving at reduced speed, such as after tacking, the sails need power to enable the boat to accelerate to its maximum speed. You should begin to accelerate by easing the sheets and steering slightly off the wind, and then coming up gradually, until the boat reaches its maximum speed. As the speed builds, continue to trim in the sails to maximize the boatís pointing ability.

After a ballasted sailboat has reached its maximum speed, its weight will allow it to coast for brief periods without a significant reduction in speed. You can take advantage of this ability to coast by steering the boat on a scalloping course to windward, alternately pinching to windward for a couple of seconds, and then falling back down to a close-hauled course to get the sails driving again and maintain boatspeed. By steering a scalloping course, you will be able to drive the boat slightly closer to windward than your opponents. If you are slightly ahead and to leeward of another boat, it will enable you to point higher than the other boat, and force it to tack. When steering a scalloping course, it is important that you use smooth, gradual movements of the rudder to steer the boat, because abrupt or large movements of the rudder will kill boatspeed during the coasting phase.
Sailormon6 is offline  
Quote Quick Reply Share with Facebook
Reply

Quick Reply
Message:
Options

By choosing to post the reply above you agree to the rules you agreed to when joining Sailnet.
Click Here to view those rules.

Register Now



In order to be able to post messages on the SailNet Community forums, you must first register.
Please enter your desired user name, your email address and other required details in the form below.
Please note: After entering 3 characters a list of Usernames already in use will appear and the list will disappear once a valid Username is entered.


User Name:
Password
Please enter a password for your user account. Note that passwords are case-sensitive.

Password:


Confirm Password:
Email Address
Please enter a valid email address for yourself.

Email Address:
OR

Log-in









Human Verification

In order to verify that you are a human and not a spam bot, please enter the answer into the following box below based on the instructions contained in the graphic.




Currently Active Users Viewing This Thread: 1 (0 members and 1 guests)
 
Thread Tools
Show Printable Version Show Printable Version
Email this Page Email this Page



Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
How close to the wind can your boat sail? davidbusby Seamanship & Navigation 6 03-27-2006 10:03 PM
recommendations for charter locations close to SE USA? DuaneIsing Chartering 5 10-22-2002 03:36 PM
chespeake bay tactics tjerk_hiddes Racing 3 09-01-2002 06:13 PM
Cabin Door won''t close maureena5 Gear & Maintenance 3 05-22-2001 07:00 PM

Posting Rules  
You may post new threads
You may post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is On
Trackbacks are On
Pingbacks are On
Refbacks are On

 
For the best viewing experience please update your browser to Google Chrome