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Re: Teaching sailing
I'm not "certified", but I have taught a few people the basics of sailing.
I admit that I've never really seen "steering dyslexia" on wheels, usually that's reserved for tiller folk. Oversteering...yeah, lots of that.
For jib trim: "Give cloth to the telltale that is misbehaving."
Meaning, If the inner telltale is lifting, trim in. If the outer telltale is lifting, ease out.
Oversteering: First of all, you should mark the wheel at 3 points, with tape or colored shot line. Mark the rudder amidships point, then 45 degrees port and 45 degrees starboard. This helps identify when you're dragging the rudder like a brake. Also explain the concept of "meeting" the boat.
Meaning, after tacking, only turn the wheel back enough to stop the swing of the boat. Use the Windex tabs to determine the proper amount of course change for a tack. Keep the Windex tail on the red tabs. It only takes a glance up. A wheel really robs the helm's feeling, which only makes teaching more difficult. A tiller is easier, then step up to a wheel.
Steering a course:
For newbie daysailing, I recommend against using the compass (at first). Newbies get spellbound, chasing the compass card and tend to lose situational awareness of what's happening outside of the boat. Tell them to use a reference point on land to drive a course. "Drive towards that radio antenna" or "keep that crab pot just to port of the bow, and drive towards it".
Some students don't understand the "side of the boat that the boom isn't on" to determine their tack. Instead, tell them "The side of the boat that the wind is striking".
If the wind is hitting the starboard side of the boat, then you're on starboard tack. (The boom will be on the port side). This can be less confusing than explaining the contradictory method of the boom being on the opposite side.
Are you teaching people on their own boat, or on your personal boat, or on a school-owned boat?
Alacrity, 1981 Tartan 33 #168